Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, is a condition that almost always starts during childhood. Although most
children outgrow the condition by the time they are adults, the American Academy of Dermatology still
reports that as many as one in five children have the condition before the age of five. In some cases,
eczema may persist into adulthood, and in even rarer cases, instances of adult-onset
eczema have been reported.
Usually, eczema first appears similar to a dry, reddened, and scaly rash. It usually affects areas of the
skin that are prone to dryness, such as the face, scalp, ankles, and wrists. Because the condition can be
especially itchy and uncomfortable for small children, it is important to visit a dermatologist for treatment
for the condition as soon as possible. Often, treatment consists of medication and a change in diet, as certain
foods are known to make eczema worsen. Failing to seek treatment could result in a skin infection or permanent
scarring of the skin due to persistent scratching.
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